Research involves building upon the existing knowledge about the environment and constructing new ideas that shed light on previously unknown concepts. However, measuring the benefits of scientific research can be difficult to achieve, especially since traditional methods are difficult to apply to real-life issues. Instead, in research circles, researchers look at the impact of their research. Impact can refer to things such as improvements in health and life-expectancy, mitigation of losses from calamities or unforeseeable events, or higher financial rewards. Here are some of the most important impact of scientific research.
The essence of scientific research is information processing. Researchers and scientists interact with each other, read each other’s work, and most importantly, they publish the results of their studies and research work. Scientific research brings about a system where information is easily consumed, transformed, and exchanged. Each researcher’s objective is to produce new knowledge - something that has certain features that make it distinct from other types of goods. Knowledge is intangible, cumulative, and flexible.
Alleviate Immediate Concerns
Many researches and studies have been undertaken as a way to address an immediate issue or problem. For example, humans developed agriculture after a specific need for this body of knowledge arose. People need food in order to survive, so they learned how to grow crops more efficiently. In the same way, research is often done for a practical purpose - to create a real-world outcome that would make the lives of people better. People live longer and healthier lives and they work less for the same amount of goods produced as a result of scientific research and its corresponding application - technology.
Greater access to scientific research can generate spillover benefits not just for scientific systems, but also for innovation systems as well. Science plays an important role in increasing the awareness and improving conscious choices among consumers. Studies show that scientific research improves the efficiency that is necessary for production in advanced economies as well as developing nations. It also allows for more opportunities for domestic and international participation in the research process.